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Mastering IronThe Struggle to Modernize an American Industry, 1800-1868$
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Anne Kelly Knowles

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226448596

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226448619.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

High Hopes and Failure

High Hopes and Failure

(p.110) (p.111) 3 High Hopes and Failure
Mastering Iron

Anne Kelly Knowles

Chester Harvey

University of Chicago Press

This chapter presents case studies of two U.S. companies—Farrandsville Furnace and Lonaconing Furnace—that failed to replicate British smelting technologies and large rolling mill operations. It shows that American iron manufacturers could not match the productivity of the British industry until they solved the frustrating and expensive problems posed by their own country’s physical geography, mineral geology, labor supply, labor relations, and the vastness of American distances.

Keywords:   iron industry, ironworks, Farrandsville Furnace, Lonaconing Furnace, British smelting technologies, American iron manufacturers

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