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Breeding Bio InsecurityHow U.S. Biodefense Is Exporting Fear, Globalizing Risk, and Making Us All Less Secure$
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Lynn C. Klotz and Edward J. Sylvester

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226444055

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226444079.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 13 October 2019

A Hawk Turns to Peace, Doves Go to War

A Hawk Turns to Peace, Doves Go to War

Chapter:
(p.39) Chapter Three A Hawk Turns to Peace, Doves Go to War
Source:
Breeding Bio Insecurity
Author(s):

Lynn C. Klotz

Edward J. Sylvester

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226444079.003.0003

The use of biological and chemical weapons in warfare theoretically ended with the 1925 Geneva protocol, but only for those who had ratified it. In the face of such dangers, President Richard Nixon radically changed his mind about continuing to develop, produce, and stockpile biological weapons, ending an extensive decades-long program. Matthew Meselson was about to play a pivotal role in U.S. bioweapons policy in warning that the weapons could become far cheaper and easier to produce than nuclear weapons, thereby placing great mass destructive power within reach of nations not now possessing it. During World War II, Japan stood alone as the only documented large-scale user of biological weapons. The Geneva Protocol convinced Ishii that disease must be a potent weapon or biological weapons would not have been banned.

Keywords:   chemical weapons, warfare, Geneva protocol, bioweapons, biological weapons, potent weapon, nuclear weapons

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