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Patent Politics – Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe - Chicago Scholarship Online
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Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe

Shobita Parthasarathy

Abstract

Comparing the last thirty years of controversy over biotechnology patents known as “life forms” (genetically modified plants, animals, human genes, stem cells) in the United States and Europe this book argues that patents, and patent systems, are fundamentally shaped by political culture, political ideology, and history. In the United States, a market-making ideology leads to an understanding of patents as purely techno-legal, while in Europe a market-shaping ideology leads to treatment of patents as moral and socioeconomic objects. This has led to differences in patent law and patents granted ... More

Keywords: biotechnology, patent, comparison, political culture, innovation, morality, expertise, controversy, political ideology, science and technology policy

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780226437859
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226437996.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Shobita Parthasarathy, author
University of Michigan