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Neoliberal ApartheidPalestine/Israel and South Africa after 1994$
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Andy Clarno

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226429922

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226430126.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 02 April 2020

South Africa and Palestine/Israel: Histories and Transitions

South Africa and Palestine/Israel: Histories and Transitions

(p.24) Chapter 1 South Africa and Palestine/Israel: Histories and Transitions
Neoliberal Apartheid

Andy Clarno

University of Chicago Press

This chapter traces the histories of settler colonialism and racial capitalism in South Africa and Palestine/Israel. Despite historical differences, South Africa and Israel governed similar social formations during the second half of the 20th century. The chapter then presents an overview of the political and economic transformations that have restructured social relations in South Africa and Palestine/Israel over the last twenty years. In the early 1990s, both states responded to political-economic crises by neoliberalizing their racial capitalist economies and entering into negotiations over decolonization. While South Africa has been partially decolonized, Israel remains a settler colonial state. In both cases, however, the combination of neoliberalization and (de)colonization has produced extreme inequality, racialized poverty, and advanced strategies of securitization. The chapter ends by introducing the sites of my ethnographic research: the Johannesburg and Jerusalem metropolitan regions. The difference between Israel’s ongoing colonial project and the post-colonial project of the South African state are perhaps nowhere more evident than in these urban regions. Yet the landscapes of Johannesburg and Jerusalem are increasingly defined by the combination of marginalization and securitization.

Keywords:   racial capitalism, settler colonialism, South Africa, Palestine, crisis, transition, neoliberalization, decolonization, Johannesburg, Jerusalem, Israel

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