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Cancer on Trial – Oncology as a New Style of Practice - Chicago Scholarship Online
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Cancer on Trial: Oncology as a New Style of Practice

Peter Keating and Alberto Cambrosio


Until the early 1960s, cancer treatment consisted primarily of surgery and radiation therapy. Most practitioners then viewed the treatment of terminally ill cancer patients with heroic courses of chemotherapy as highly questionable. The randomized clinical trials that today sustain modern oncology were relatively rare and prompted stiff opposition from physicians loath to assign patients randomly to competing treatments. And yet today these trials form the basis of medical oncology. How did such a spectacular change occur? How did medical oncology pivot from a nonentity and, in some regards, a ... More

Keywords: cancer treatment, surgery, radiation therapy, cancer patients, chemotherapy, randomized clinical trials, oncology, clinicians, statisticians

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780226428918
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226428932.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Peter Keating, author

Alberto Cambrosio, author

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