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Under Osman's TreeThe Ottoman Empire, Egypt, and Environmental History$
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Alan Mikhail

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226427171

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226427201.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Plague Ecologies

Plague Ecologies

Chapter:
(p.169) 9 Plague Ecologies
Source:
Under Osman's Tree
Author(s):

Alan Mikhail

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226427201.003.0010

Examining one particular plague epidemic in Ottoman Egypt—that of 1791—this chapter shows how plague was part and parcel of the pathology of the Egyptian environment, coming once every nine years on average throughout the medieval and early modern periods. Like the annual Nile flood, grain shortages, rainfall, famine, and other hardships, Egyptians considered plague an accepted and expected environmental reality at the end of the eighteenth century. Taking its cues from these Egyptians, this chapter analyzes the multiple means through which plague functioned as a regular part of the Egyptian environment to argue for the inclusion of the disease in the study of Egypt’s ecology alongside flood, famine, wind, animals, and drought.

Keywords:   plague, famine, flood, wind, drought, rats, John Antes, inflation, death, nature

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