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Science, Conservation, and National Parks$
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Steven R. Beissinger, David D. Ackerly, Holly Doremus, and Gary E. Machlis

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226422954

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226423142.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 26 May 2022

A Global Perspective on Parks and Protected Areas

A Global Perspective on Parks and Protected Areas

(p.46) Three A Global Perspective on Parks and Protected Areas
Science, Conservation, and National Parks

Ernesto C. Enkerlin-Hoeflich

Steven R. Beissinger

University of Chicago Press

This chapter provides a perspective on the state of protected areas around the world. The values that protected areas serve for different communities have evolved greatly over the past century. While initially about conservation, spiritual connections, and tourism, the values protected areas serve have expanded to include ecosystem services, poverty reduction, climate change mitigation, and human health benefits. Global targets for protected area coverage were set in 2010 to protect 17% of terrestrial and inland water areas and 10% of coastal and marine areas by 2020 (Aichi Target 11). The more ambitious “nature needs half” campaign advocates for 50% of the planet in mostly undisturbed ecosystems. Global protected area coverage is currently at about 15.4% of the planet’s terrestrial areas and inland water areas, and 3.4% of the oceans. Protected areas do not sufficiently cover areas of importance for biodiversity. The results of the 2014 World Parks Congress in Sydney and its main outcome, the Promise of Sydney, are reviewed, including the core vision, innovative approaches to park stewardship, a platform for sharing and exchanging inspiring solutions, and the commitments made to support protected areas. Future directions for protected area conservation and sustainability are discussed.

Keywords:   biodiversity, climate change, conservation, ecosystem services, protected areas, stewardship, sustainability, 2014 World Parks Congress

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