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Data-Centric BiologyA Philosophical Study$
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Sabina Leonelli

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226416335

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226416502.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 27 May 2020

Managing Data Journeys: Social Structures

Managing Data Journeys: Social Structures

(p.45) 2 Managing Data Journeys: Social Structures
Data-Centric Biology

Sabina Leonelli

University of Chicago Press

Chapter 2 broadens the scope of my analysis by considering the social structures of data-centric biology and some of the reasons why data have taken a central place in contemporary science and policy discourse. To this aim, I relate the techno-scientific developments discussed in the first chapter to the social, political and economic roles played by this terminology and related practices. I start with an overview of how online databases are managed, financed and institutionalised, where I argue that the consortia and steering committees set up to create and maintain these resources have acquired a key regulatory function in contemporary biology. I then discuss the relation between the establishment of databases and the growth of the Open Data movement, which is currently playing an important role in articulating the reasons and incentives for sharing scientific data in the first place. This brings me to reflect on the multiple types of value acquired by data when circulating across contexts.

Keywords:   Open Data, Open Science, data value, data governance, science policy, scientific institutions

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