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Intersectional InequalityRace, Class, Test Scores, and Poverty$
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Charles C. Ragin and Peer C. Fiss

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226414379

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226414546.001.0001

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Coinciding Advantages versus Coinciding Disadvantages

Coinciding Advantages versus Coinciding Disadvantages

(p.101) Six Coinciding Advantages versus Coinciding Disadvantages
Intersectional Inequality

Charles C. Ragin

Peer C. Fiss

University of Chicago Press

The examination of coinciding advantages versus disadvantages is extended in chapter 6 to encompass multiple inequalities. Specifically, we examine the degree to which parental income, parental education, respondent’s education, and respondent’s test scores coincide, using multiple calibrations of these four conditions. We again show that the intersectionality of these inequalities has a distinctly racial pattern. We first demonstrate that the coincidence of advantages is much higher for whites than for blacks, with whites registering a higher coincidence of four advantages than blacks register for two advantages. In parallel fashion, we show that the coincidence of disadvantages is much higher for blacks than for whites, with blacks registering a higher coincidence of four disadvantages than whites register for two disadvantages. We show further that whites’ high coincidence of advantages is coupled with a low coincidence of disadvantages, while the opposite is true for blacks. Chapter 6 also examines the set-theoretic connections between combinations of advantages and avoiding poverty and between combinations of disadvantages and experiencing poverty. By far, the strongest and most consistent connection is between multiple advantages and avoiding poverty, a connection that is especially strong for whites.

Keywords:   coinciding advantages, coinciding disadvantages, multiple set coincidence, asymmetry, correlation, acute disadvantages, exceptional advantages, subset consistency, outcome coverage

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