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Cul de SacPatrimony, Capitalism, and Slavery in French Saint-Domingue$
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Paul Cheney

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226079356

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226411774.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 20 October 2019

Revolution and Cultivation

Revolution and Cultivation

Chapter:
(p.161) Chapter Six Revolution and Cultivation
Source:
Cul de Sac
Author(s):

Paul Cheney

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226411774.003.0007

Once the French Revolution broke out in in 1789, the elites of Saint-Domingue began fighting amongst themselves over questions of political representation in the metropolitan center and of the extent of rights to be accorded to free people of color. This chapter recounts the years from 1789 to 1803 from the vantage point of the collaboration between planters like Ferron de la Ferronnays and successive revolutionary governments to reestablish control over the countryside and to get the plantation complex moving again. Even after the establishment of an independent Haiti, the landed military elite of that country--which resembled in several essential respects the white elite they succeeded--tried to restart sugar production based upon coerced labor taking place on large plantations. This chapter illustrates the broad failure of this policy over the revolutionary and post-revolutionary decades, as well as the struggles of newly freed slaves, such as those who worked on the Ferron de la Ferronnays plantation, to impose a post-revolutionary social order based upon independent peasant production.

Keywords:   French Revolution, émigrés, Haitian Revolution, proto-peasantry, land reform, independence movements, civil war, militarized agriculture, Toussaint Louverture

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