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Thug Life – Race, Gender, and the Meaning of Hip-Hop - Chicago Scholarship Online
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Thug Life: Race, Gender, and the Meaning of Hip-Hop

Michael P. Jeffries


Hip-hop has come a long way from its origins in the Bronx in the 1970s, when rapping and DJing were just part of a lively, decidedly local scene that also venerated b-boying and graffiti. Now hip-hop is a global phenomenon and, in the United States, a massively successful corporate enterprise predominantly controlled and consumed by whites while the most prominent performers are black. How does this shift in racial dynamics affect our understanding of contemporary hip-hop, especially when the music perpetuates stereotypes of black men? Do black listeners interpret hip-hop differently from whit ... More

Keywords: hip-hop, DJing, b-boying, graffiti, racial dynamics, black men, white men

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780226395845
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226395869.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael P. Jeffries, author