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Building a New Educational StateFoundations, Schools, and the American South$
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Joan Malczewski

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226394626

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226394763.001.0001

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The “Splendid Support” of Private Interests

The “Splendid Support” of Private Interests

Chapter:
(p.152) Chapter Four The “Splendid Support” of Private Interests
Source:
Building a New Educational State
Author(s):

Joan Malczewski

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226394763.003.0005

The 1901 Conference for Education in the South marked the beginning in North Carolina of years of close, state initiated collaboration with northern foundations. State politicians were committed to white supremacy, but sought a system of universal and unequal education. James Yadkin Joyner became the first professional educator in the role of State Superintendent of Education in 1902 and appointed Nathan Newbold to be the State Agent for Negro Education. The two men collaborated with foundations to promote tax reform and centralized schooling, efforts that subsequently altered the administrative structure of rural communities. This chapter argues that the state’s willing participation led to an administrative structure that was conducive to new education policy, public schooling, political development and black agency. As the public system of education evolved with greater centralization at the state level, local decisions about public education became part of the public sphere. Rural black teachers, often the primary administrators of rural black schools, were more likely to participate in educational policy decisions even if limited by the strict parameters of the racial state. At the least, foundation programs provided opportunities for formal connections between rural black communities and political actors outside the community.

Keywords:   white supremacy, Nathan Newbold, James Yadkin Joyner, State Agent for Negro Education, Conference for Education in the South

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