Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Building a New Educational StateFoundations, Schools, and the American South$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Joan Malczewski

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226394626

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226394763.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 28 March 2020

“Organize in Every Community”

“Organize in Every Community”

Chapter:
(p.74) Chapter Two “Organize in Every Community”
Source:
Building a New Educational State
Author(s):

Joan Malczewski

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226394763.003.0003

Chapter Two explores the work of rural black reformers, particularly the Jeanes Teachers. Foundations sought enhanced governance capacity at the local level, especially in rural black communities where the Jeanes Teachers were the de facto superintendents of rural black schools. This chapter argues that the teachers were also state builders, who collaborated with foundations and their agents to strengthen the organization and administration of local communities in a Faustian bargain that had the potential to expand black education opportunity, but in a segregated and unequal system. Foundation efficacy depended upon black participation, which existed within narrowly defined parameters and varied by state and locale. The reform dynamic, including rural blacks, illustrate both the strength of decentralization to education innovation and implementation, and the formal role of black teachers in organizing their communities to meet the needs of the 20th Century. While the claim that the black community had a formally defined role in policy development would be an overstatement, schooling helped to promote expanded political opportunities, organizational strength, and shared beliefs in the community in some areas of the South, and relatively greater opportunities for black reformers to promote community goals.

Keywords:   Jeanes Teachers, Jeanes Fund, segregation, political development, black teachers

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.