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Building a New Educational StateFoundations, Schools, and the American South$
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Joan Malczewski

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226394626

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226394763.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 09 April 2020

“The Thrill of This State-Building Work”

“The Thrill of This State-Building Work”

Chapter:
(p.26) Chapter One “The Thrill of This State-Building Work”
Source:
Building a New Educational State
Author(s):

Joan Malczewski

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226394763.003.0002

Chapter One explores the emergence of three 20th Century foundations that promoted southern education reform, the General Education Board, the Rosenwald Fund, and the Negro Rural School Fund (Jeanes Fund). The annual Conference for Education in the South began at Capon Springs, West Virginia in 1898 and brought together an assembly of leaders in farming, business, church, and school, but quickly became an important venue for far-reaching collaboration between reformers, university scholars, northern businessmen, and southerners who represented state interests. The foundations involved in southern education developed from the extensive collaboration that these meetings produced. This chapter argues that education reform was instrumental to the broader goal of state building, and foundation programs specifically targeted state and local governance capacity. An effective public system of education required governance structures that could provide sufficient oversight, integrate a range of state and local agencies, and promote the organization and participation of local communities. Schooling promoted those administrative structures and helped to organize rural black communities. Foundation programs extended black educational opportunity and strengthened local governance capacity, but restricted the quality of education that would be available. Yet, their programs also had the potential to affect black agency over the longer term.

Keywords:   General Education Board, Southern Education Board, Rosenwald Fund, Negro Rural School Fund, Jeanes Fund, Conference for Education in the South

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