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Evangelical GothamReligion and the Making of New York City, 1783-1860$
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Kyle B. Roberts

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226388144

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226388281.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
Evangelical Gotham
Author(s):

Kyle B. Roberts

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226388281.003.0001

This introductory chapter discusses the importance of religion in the development of New York City between the American Revolution and the Civil War. New York's evangelical population was never large, but it had an unmistakable influence on urban life and development As developers prepared to open new neighborhoods uptown, evangelicals stood ready to build meetinghouses. As the city emerged as a commercial center, evangelicals capitalized on the resultant wealth, technology, and resources to expand their missionary, tract, and benevolent causes. And when evangelicals felt the city's morals had degenerated, they turned to temperance, Sunday schools, antislavery, and other initiatives to reform its residents, who, in turn, responded variously with indifference, occasional violence, and conversion. The result of their efforts was Evangelical Gotham, a complicated and contradictory world whose influence spread far beyond the shores of Manhattan.

Keywords:   New York City, urban evangelicalism, evangelicals, urban development, religion, American Revolution, Civil War

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