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Growth and Productivity in East Asia$
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Takatoshi Ito and Andrew K. Rose

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780226386805

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226387079.001.0001

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Sectoral Productivity and Economic Growth in Japan, 1970–98

Sectoral Productivity and Economic Growth in Japan, 1970–98

An Empirical Analysis Based on the JIP Database

(p.177) 6 Sectoral Productivity and Economic Growth in Japan, 1970–98
Growth and Productivity in East Asia

Kyoji Fukao

Tomohiko Inui

Hiroki Kawai

Tsutomu Miyagawa

University of Chicago Press

Following the collapse of the so-called bubble economy, Japan's economy has entered a phase of unprecedentedly low growth. From the viewpoint of growth accounting, Japan's low economic growth in the 1990s can be explained by three factors: a slowdown of the labor supply caused by structural changes (for example, population aging and reduced work weeks), a slowdown of total factor productivity (TFP) growth, and a lack of effective demand and deflation. This chapter presents a detailed empirical analysis of Japan's TFP growth by using the Japan Industrial Productivity Database. It addresses the following questions: After the quality of labor and the capacity utilization have been taken account of, how much of the slowdown of Japan's economic growth in the 1990s can be attributed to the decline in TFP growth? In what sectors is TFP growth particularly low? What structural factors seem to have contributed to recent changes in sectoral productivity growth? Regarding the manufacturing sector in the 1990s, the chapter identifies factors that seems to have contributed to the low level of TFP growth.

Keywords:   Japan, economic growth, total factor productivity, manufacturing, growth accounting, Japan Industrial Productivity Database, labor, capacity utilization, sectoral productivity

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