Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Founding ChoicesAmerican Economic Policy in the 1790s$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Douglas A. Irwin and Richard Sylla

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780226384740

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226384764.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Free Labor and Slave Labor

Free Labor and Slave Labor

(p.291) 9 Free Labor and Slave Labor
Founding Choices

Stanley L. Engerman

Robert A. Margo

University of Chicago Press

This chapter focuses on how the abundance of land in America implied a shortage of labor, which was mitigated not only by rapid natural increase, but also by the immigration of free labor, indentured labor, convict labor, and slave labor. During the Constitutional era, in-migration of indentured labor began to decline and an independent United States rejected convict labor from Europe. The Constitution also said little about factors affecting the stock of human capital, such as education, training, health, and internal labor mobility. The chapter discusses the effects of slave policy choices in comparison with options not adopted. The ban on slave imports, in comparison with no ban, raised the price of slaves, and especially of female slaves, the only remaining source for expansion of the slave labor stock.

Keywords:   free labor, slave labor, in-migration, slave policy, slave labor stock

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.