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Secularizing Islamists?Jama'at-e-Islami and Jama'at-ud-Da'wa in Urban Pakistan$
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Humeira Iqtidar

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780226384689

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226384702.001.0001

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Jama̒at-e-Islami Pakistan

Jama̒at-e-Islami Pakistan

Learning from the Opposition

(p.55) Chapter Two Jama̒at-e-Islami Pakistan
Secularizing Islamists?
University of Chicago Press

This chapter highlights the dynamic nature of Islamism in Pakistan. It reviews the shifts in the Jama'at-e-Islami (JI)'s operational strategies as a response to its opposition to the secularism of the leftist groups in Pakistan. The changes in JI's position toward “democracy,” “imperialism,” and “feudalism” are elaborated. The mobilizations of the 1960s and 1970s, generally conceived of as leftist, had a significant influence on the state and society in Pakistan. Many ulama and religious leaders, such as Maulana Hazarwi and Maulana Rehman, supported leftist mobilizations. The National Labor Federation benefited from educated and committed organizers, within a dwindling space for labor organization in present-day Pakistan. While the argument may have been defined in theological terms, the concerns that drive the JI and other players in their decisions have often been determined by the political context in which they operate.

Keywords:   secularism, Islamism, Pakistan, Jama'at-e-Islami, leftist groups, democracy, feudalism, Maulana Hazarwi, Maulana Rehman, National Labor Federation

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