Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Rural ModernReconstructing the Self and State in Republican China$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Kate Merkel-Hess

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226383279

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226383309.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 03 August 2021

Village Contestations

Village Contestations

(p.110) 4 Village Contestations
The Rural Modern

Kate Merkel-Hess

University of Chicago Press

The ultimate goal of rural reconstruction was rural self-governance. As the Nationalist government attempted to implement Sun Yat-sen’s ideas of “self-governance,” rural reconstruction’s combined emphasis on social mobilization and self-governance made it a particularly appealing rural template for the Nationalists, who did not have a good record of courting and interacting with rural areas. In policies directed at rural areas, the central government repeatedly focused on top-down projects that sought to extract resources, implement security measures, and generally impose control rather than share it. As the Nationalists worked closely with rural reconstruction, these negative connotations rubbed off on the reconstructionists, while little of rural reconstruction’s persuasive optimism was transferred to the Nationalists. Instead, the Nationalists’ commandism undercut the message of self-transformation, self-sufficiency, and self-defense that defined early rural reconstruction efforts. As reformers increasingly cooperated with Nanjing on rural reform efforts, the enforcement of social reform from above instead became its dominant register.

Keywords:   Jiangning, self-governance, village governance, democracy, tutelage, local elite, self-defense, county reform

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.