This chapter looks at the place of the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s in sports history, and particularly the relationship between the Klan and the development of interracial sport, whether in boxing, amateur basketball, or sandlot baseball. The chapter argues that Klannish involvement in sporting events was a natural part of contemporary enthusiasm for amateur athletics, but that it was also a tool of cultural legitimization. Like many other groups, the Klan turned to sport as a means of proving its 100% American bona fides. The many semipro baseball teams that Klan members fielded demonstrate that the movement was not restricted to the shadows. The supposedly secret society thrived in the spotlight.
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