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Extraterritorial DreamsEuropean Citizenship, Sephardi Jews, and the Ottoman Twentieth Century$
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Sarah Abrevaya Stein

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226368191

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226368368.001.0001

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Conclusion: Aftershocks

Conclusion: Aftershocks

(p.118) Conclusion: Aftershocks
Extraterritorial Dreams

Sarah Abrevaya Stein

University of Chicago Press

With the widespread denaturalization of European Jewry in the course of the Second World War, it is perhaps surprising that there should be a history of wartime extraterritoriality to tell. Yet legal identity did, in fact, determine the fortune of individual Sephardi Jews and, in cases, entire Jewish communities from the erstwhile Ottoman territories in the course of the Holocaust. This chapter explores aftershocks of the capitulatory regime in the Second World War, at the meeting of Greek, Italian, German, Spanish, and Portuguese histories. Looking forward, it traces the endurance of the mixed court system in Egypt, the dismantling of this system in an era of ascendant nationalism, and the effects of these events upon Jews. Finally, “Aftershocks” emphasizes the value of exploring Jewish protégés’ encounter with a nationalizing Europe, teaching us, as it does, about the intersection of European, Ottoman, Middle Eastern, and Jewish histories—and about the statist, personal, and legal vagaries that attended the passport regime. Protection was a tangible legal state for Middle Eastern, Mediterranean and Southeastern European Jews: but it was also a vessel into which many parties—nationalists, socialists, localists, imperial loyalists, state and consular representatives, émigrés—deposited their ambitions, fears, and dreams.

Keywords:   Second World War, Holocaust, Egypt, memory, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, France, genocide

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