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StormwaterA Resource for Scientists, Engineers, and Policy Makers$
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William G. Wilson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226364957

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226365145.001.0001

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Responses in Streams and Groundwater

Responses in Streams and Groundwater

Chapter:
(p.213) Chapter 10 Responses in Streams and Groundwater
Source:
Stormwater
Author(s):

William G. Wilson

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226365145.003.0010

This chapter covers streams and groundwater, discussing their interconnection with wetlands and riparian systems. Groundwater recharge occurs across an entire watershed depending on precipitation and many factors geology, soil types, and urbanization. As this infiltrated water reappears in the low spots, streams emerge from the soils. Also discussed is the biology that takes place throughout streams and groundwater, with microbial action dependent on factors such as oxygen levels, the amount of organic matter in the water and soils, and nutrient availability. Groundwater also carries chemicals such as gasoline additives that infiltrate with the recharging precipitation. This chapters explains how these chemicals identify when stream contaminants originated as surface applications and can age groundwater recharge times. This chapter also describes the influence of sticks, branches and stumps that enter streams from the riparian areas alongside rivers. This natural material structure rivers, slow down erosive forces of stormwater, and provide a variety of biological habitats for many types of organisms. With land use changes like logging and urbanization, this large woody debris is lost, and streams lose a stabilizing force.

Keywords:   headwater streams, groundwater, sedimentation, large woody debris

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