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Mood, Aspect, Modality RevisitedNew Answers to Old Questions$
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Joanna Blaszczak, Anastasia Giannakidou, Dorota Klimek-Jankowska, and Krzysztof Migdalski

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226363523

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226363660.001.0001

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Approaching the Morphosyntax and Semantics of Mood

Approaching the Morphosyntax and Semantics of Mood

Chapter:
(p.286) Chapter Eight Approaching the Morphosyntax and Semantics of Mood
Source:
Mood, Aspect, Modality Revisited
Author(s):

Ilse Zimmermann

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226363660.003.0008

The author articulates her hypotheses on the difference between sentence mood and verbal mood. Sentence mood is understood as one of the illocutionary types of root sentences, while verbal mood relates the propositional content of root and embedded clauses to worlds. The contribution concentrates on declarative and directive speech acts with the indicative, the imperative and, especially, the subjunctive verbal mood in Russian. Concerning verbal mood, Zimmermann concentrates on the question of what subjunctive is in Russian and she suggests that subjunctive always expresses the presupposition that the proposition does not belong to the epistemic mental model of the respective modal subject (an idea very similar to Giannakidou’s nonveridical where the subjunctive always expresses reduced epistemic commitment). She shows that this is valid for all occurrences of the subjunctive, in embedded as well as root clauses. Furthermore, Zimmermann argues that subjunctive clauses are temporally restricted. Their topic time does not refer to a time span before the utterance time. Subjunctive shares these two semantic properties with the imperative.

Keywords:   sentence mood, verbal mood, indicative, imperative, subjunctive, Russian

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