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Mood, Aspect, Modality RevisitedNew Answers to Old Questions$
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Joanna Blaszczak, Anastasia Giannakidou, Dorota Klimek-Jankowska, and Krzysztof Migdalski

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226363523

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226363660.001.0001

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Evaluative Subjunctive and Nonveridicality

Evaluative Subjunctive and Nonveridicality

Chapter:
(p.177) Chapter Five Evaluative Subjunctive and Nonveridicality
Source:
Mood, Aspect, Modality Revisited
Author(s):

Alda Giannakidou

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226363660.003.0005

This chapter addresses the diversity of the subjunctive while trying establish a unified core crosslingustically. Giannakidou proposes that optional subjunctive contributes an evaluation. The evaluation in all cases consists in the creation of a nonveridical modal space. Three kinds of evaluation are distinguished. The first is epistemic weakening of the proposition where the subjunctive is added, in which case we talk about epistemic subjunctive, which the author analyzes as a possibility modal. Secondly, we have the emotive subjunctive following emotive verbs in some Romance languages. In this case, the subjunctive is claimed to involve nonveridical partitioning between p and non p worlds as a presupposition. The third case of evaluation is observed in dual mood patterns, and the subjunctive there is a preference ordering such that p worlds are preferred over non-p worlds. The evaluative subjunctive, in all cases, creates a weakening, i.e. a nonveridical modal space. There is one underlying property of all contexts that enable the subjunctive: they are all nonveridical. Nonveridical domains are modal domains partitioned into p and non-p worlds, and the partition is typically the result of an ordering. Nonveridical domains are epistemically weaker spaces. The indicative, on the other hand, reflects veridicality.

Keywords:   subjunctive, evaluation, epistemic weakening, evaluative subjunctive, nonveridicality

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