The chapter describes the simultaneous coming of age of a bi-partisan learned society (the Anthropological Institute) and of a bi-partisan bondholder protection body (the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders) whose respective top managements displayed large overlap with one another. The chapter interprets this coincidence in reference to the broader context, one of the creation of bi-partisan, more politicized institutions, that ensured political control over the institutions that provided information relevant to imperial policy making. Anthropology as an institution (materialized by the creation of the Anthropological Institute in 1871) played a central role in the relatively consensual structuring of empire as it emerged in the early 1870s and was maintained afterwards despite changes in the orientation of the ruling majority in parliament. The re-organization of anthropology in an Anthropological Institute, the chapter argues was part of the process of “subjection” that took place at this point. In conclusion, the chapter emphasizes the role of knowledge as a kind of property right and the institutions of knowledge as instruments that project the power of these property rights.
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