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Oil and WaterBeing Han in Xinjiang$
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Tom Cliff

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226359939

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226360270.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

The Partnership of Stability in Xinjiang

The Partnership of Stability in Xinjiang

(p.180) Seven The Partnership of Stability in Xinjiang
Oil and Water

Tom Cliff

University of Chicago Press

Chapter 7 draws together two of the book’s main arguments in a case-study of the July 2009 inter-ethnic violence in Xinjiang’s capital Urumchi. First: the Han population of Xinjiang, and their mutually-dependent relationship with Beijing, is central to the political, socio-economic and cultural dynamics of Xinjiang in the 21st century. While most analyses of central government policy in Xinjiang focus on “the Uyghur problem,” this chapter argues that the “Han problem” is seen by the centre as having greater potential to derail central objectives in Xinjiang. State-society interactions in the immediate aftermath of the 2009 riots show that many Han in Xinjiang believed that they possessed collective influence vis-à-vis the central government during the uncertain post-riot months. This perception derives from a mass frame that is termed “the partnership of stability.” A second main argument is that commercial enterprises play an important role in shaping and governing the periphery, essentially on behalf of the core region. In Xinjiang, the bingtuan, and central state-owned enterprises like the Tarim Oilfield Company, are the most prominent incarnations of this long-running imperial tradition.

Keywords:   Urumchi riots, inter-ethnic violence, Uyghur problem, Han problem, mass frame, partnership of stability, collective influence, state owned enterprises, core, periphery

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