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This Land Is Your LandThe Story of Field Biology in America$
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Michael J. Lannoo

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226358475

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226358505.001.0001

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The Natural Historians

The Natural Historians

(p.58) The Natural Historians
This Land Is Your Land

Michael J. Lannoo

University of Chicago Press

In this chapter I explore the role of field biology as practiced by the naturalists. By the middle of the nineteenth century, the early primitive surveys by easterners and Europeans had given way to the large federal surveys of the Mexican and Northwestern borders, the five Pacific Railroad Surveys, and Ferdinard Hayden’s state-based surveys. In addition, following the Civil War, the U.S. Geological Survey continued Hayden’s Survey, and expanded them by adding Clarence King’s, William Morton Wheeler’s, and, later, John Wesley Powell’s surveys. These surveys provided the specimens that stocked the Smithsonian and the American Museum of Natural History, as well as great museums associated with eastern universities such as Yale and Harvard.

Keywords:   Ferdinand V. Hayden, John Wesley Powell, Robert Kennicott, Robert Ridgway, William Temple Hornaday, George Kruck Cherrie, Frank Alexander Wetmore

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