This introductory chapter first sets out the book's main argument—that the successful resolution of civil wars requires more than the efforts of peacekeepers to end the fighting. Success also depends on fostering a sense within the postwar population that peace will serve the individual interests of citizens. The chapter then discusses one of the central challenges confronting post-civil war states: individuals and groups who act as opponents of an emerging peace with the intention of reinitiating hostilities. Next it considers the value of peacekeepers as a means of dealing with these enemies to stability. While the introduction of peacekeepers is the most frequently advocated solution to the challenges confronting countries emerging from war, peacekeepers have a mixed record of success in creating effective incentives for local actors to support the incipient peace. The subsequent two sections explore the tactics of restructuring institutions and soft intervention that form the focus of this volume. It examines how these strategies serve to discourage those opposed to the peace and create new stakeholders in stability.
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