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Green VictoriansThe Simple Life in John Ruskin's Lake District$
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Vicky "Albritton and Fredrik Albritton Jonsson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226339986

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226340043.001.0001

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Taming the Steam Dragon

Taming the Steam Dragon

(p.96) Chapter Four Taming the Steam Dragon
Green Victorians

Vicky Albritton

Fredrik Albritton Jonsson

University of Chicago Press

Reverend Hardwicke Rawnsley and his wife Edith promoted the benefits of an artisan-based economy for poorer parishioners through their Keswick School of the Industrial Arts. They supported handicrafts such as wood carving, spinning and weaving, embroidery, and repoussé metal work. Rawnsley thought of Nature in divine terms, often finding inspiration in the work of William Wordsworth. His annual Rush Bearing sermons aimed to inspire parishioners with a sense of their history and connection to the landscape. Rawnsley’s notion of sufficiency was often merely vicarious, as he sought to protect the poor in particular from consumer society and modern technology. Rawnsley was on the front lines fighting against the development of Thirlmere as a water supply for Manchester. But his preservationist views were modified as he confronted the factory system. In his essay, “Sunlight or Smoke?” he warily approved of technological solutions to industrial pollution as he sought to bring Ruskin’s ideas into the 20th century.

Keywords:   wood carving, embroidery, metal work, rush bearing, water supply, vicarious sufficiency, preservationism, technological solutions, Reverend Hardwicke Rawnsley

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