This chapter explores how Robert Knox, the Edinburgh anatomist disgraced by the Burke and Hare murders, recommenced his prolonged campaign against the law of correlation in the mid-1850s, just as Huxley was himself making the same criticisms. Already struggling in his attempts to challenge popularizers, Huxley had to distinguish his own anti-Cuvierianism from Knox’s older, but much less reputable version of the same argument. A further complication was that while Knox’s disciples in the new Anthropological Society adhered closely to his views on race, they were, paradoxically, at odds with him on correlation. This self-proclaimed Cannibal Club, led by Charles Carter Blake, constituted a nascent scientific faction who fiercely resisted both Huxley’s authority and the broader agenda of scientific naturalism.
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