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England's Great Transformation"Law, Labor, and the Industrial Revolution"$
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Marc W. Steinberg

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226329819

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226330013.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Hanley and the Pottery Industry

Hanley and the Pottery Industry

(p.51) Chapter Four Hanley and the Pottery Industry
England's Great Transformation

Marc W. Steinberg

University of Chicago Press

This chapter is an in-depth study of how employers in Hanley in the Potteries district in Staffordshire became routinely reliant on master and servant laws for labor control. It focuses particularly on the pottery industry. The chapter charts the course of labor relations between manufacturers and workers in the industry from the mid-1830s, noting how increased reliance on master and servant law was partly the result of the suppression of major strikes in this period. It analyzes the organization of the labor process in the manufactories (or ‘potbanks’) and discusses how employers lack direct control over the workplace because of the technical organization of production. It then turns to examine the distribution of power in borough government and the ways in which pottery manufacturers in particular were key actors. They dominated the local borough courts and were influential in having a stipendiary magistrate appointed for the region who was sympathetic to their concerns. It provides data on how pottery manufacturers and other employers came to rely on the law for labor market and workplace control for 1864-75.

Keywords:   Hanley, pottery industry, master and servant law, local magistrates’ courts, labor control

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