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Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614$
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L. P. Harvey

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780226319636

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226319650.001.0001

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Spain's Muslims under a New Order

Spain's Muslims under a New Order

(p.45) Two Spain's Muslims under a New Order
Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614
University of Chicago Press

Once they had defeated those Muslims of the Kingdom of Granada who had risen in open rebellion in 1501 and 1502, the forces of the Spanish Crown offered to accept the rebels' surrender, but on terms that were far less favorable than those that had been available hitherto. The earlier types of capitulation, those negotiated in 1491 and earlier, had set out the adverse juridical consequences of a conquest by force of arms, but those consequences were still made to fit inside the broad framework of what Spanish historians have in modern times termed the convivencia of the two religions, that is to say, the necessary live-and-let-live of the Iberian Peninsula in the days before the keys of the Alhambra were handed over in January 1492. After a second round of Spanish victories a decade later, things were quite different. The new style of document in use at the opening of the sixteenth century set out the new juridical order that was being imposed. Such documents did not simply assert the primacy of Christianity. They went on to try to ensure that Islam was eliminated as soon as possible. If there were concessions to the ex-Muslims, they were of a superficial and transitional kind.

Keywords:   Muslim rebels, Iberian Peninsula, Islam, Christianity, juridical order, Spanish Crown, armed forces

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