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Against PredictionProfiling, Policing, and Punishing in an Actuarial Age$
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Bernard E. Harcourt

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780226316130

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226315997.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 28 May 2020

The Ratchet Effect: An Overlooked Social Cost

The Ratchet Effect: An Overlooked Social Cost

Chapter:
(p.145) Chapter Five The Ratchet Effect: An Overlooked Social Cost
Source:
Against Prediction
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226315997.003.0006

This chapter explains how the use of actuarial methods will have a distortive effect on the targeted population that will operate as a ratchet over time. The distortion occurs when profiling produces a supervised population that is disproportionate to the distribution of offending by racial group. The ratchet effect is discussed in the policing context, in the sentencing context, and in terms of social costs.

Keywords:   actuarial methods, criminal profiling, targeted population, distortion, criminal supervision, racial group, policing, social costs, sentencing

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