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Mother FiguredMarian Apparitions and the Making of a Filipino Universal$
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Deirdre de la Cruz

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226314884

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226315072.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 21 October 2019

The Authority of Appearances

The Authority of Appearances

(p.25) Chapter One The Authority of Appearances
Mother Figured

Deirdre de la Cruz

University of Chicago Press

Chapter One examines several texts produced or published by Spanish friars that narrate the origins of some of the most significant apparitions of the Virgin Mary in the colonial Philippines. Often serving as the preface to novenas (a nine day cycle of prayers), these apparition tales reach a zenith of mass production in chapbook form in the middle decades of the nineteenth century. They make history out of popular lore and render complete accounts with only incomplete archival records. These apparition tales are also, at times, violent narratives of exclusion of those communities that posed the greatest threat to Spanish authority. But insofar as these tales are usually written in the local vernaculars and attuned to the specificities of place, they invite one to read against the grain of their colonial authors’ agendas. These texts represent the worldview whereby the sacred was highly localized, particular, and believed immanent to material forms.

Keywords:   colonialism, history of the book, Spanish empire, translation, missions, Our Lady of Guadalupe, Chinese in the Philippines

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