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Doctors and DemonstratorsHow Political Institutions Shape Abortion Law in the United States, Britain, and Canada$
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Drew Halfmann

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780226313429

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226313443.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Policy Change after Reform

Policy Change after Reform

(p.166) Six Policy Change after Reform
Doctors and Demonstrators

Drew Halfmann

University of Chicago Press

This chapter explains the differences across the three countries in abortion policies. It is argued here that the degree to which political parties addressed the abortion issue was one of the main determinants of differences in abortion policies, but there were other determinants as well. Agenda control and nonpartisan policy processes helped British and Canadian policy makers avoid the abortion issue, while federalism and judicial policy making increased access points and controversy in the United States. Medical associations defended abortion rights and sought the expansion of abortion services in Britain and Canada but sought to avoid the issue in the United States. Finally, two major changes in Canadian policy were prompted by institutional changes outside of abortion politics—the changing nature of Canadian federalism and the enactment of a new Canadian bill of rights.

Keywords:   abortion policies, political parties, agenda control, policy processes, federalism, policy making, medical associations, Canadian federalism, Canadian bill of rights

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