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Doctors and DemonstratorsHow Political Institutions Shape Abortion Law in the United States, Britain, and Canada$
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Drew Halfmann

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780226313429

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226313443.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2019

The Politicization of Abortion

The Politicization of Abortion

Chapter:
(p.125) Five The Politicization of Abortion
Source:
Doctors and Demonstrators
Author(s):

Drew Halfmann

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226313443.003.0005

This chapter explains the differences across the three countries in abortion politics—the positions of political parties on abortion and the degree to which abortion has been an issue in elections. Abortion politics is to be distinguished from abortion policies, even if this distinction is artificial. It is artificial because parties and candidates typically campaign by touting policies that they have enacted or promise to enact, and because officials typically choose policy goals with an eye to how voters and party activists might respond to them. It is useful, however, because intraparty battles, electoral campaigns, and policy making are driven by differing causal factors. After the reforms of the Long 1960s, large movements faced off on both sides of the abortion issue in all three countries, and, at least initially, most parties and candidates were inclined to avoid the issue. British and Canadian parties, however, were more successful in doing so than American ones.

Keywords:   abortion politics, political parties, elections, abortion policies, voters, party activists, intraparty battles, electoral campaigns, policy making

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