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Tunnel VisionsThe Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider$
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Michael Riordan, Lillian Hoddeson, and Adrienne W. Kolb

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226294797

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226305837.001.0001

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The Higgs Boson Discovery

The Higgs Boson Discovery

(p.275) Epilogue The Higgs Boson Discovery
Tunnel Visions

Michael Riordan

Lillian Hoddeson

Adrienne W. Kolb

University of Chicago Press

After the United States and other nations joined the LHC project during the mid-1990s, CERN proceeded with construction of this multi-TeV proton-collider. Although a September 2008 disaster delayed commissioning for over a year, experiments began in early 2010 at low energy and collision rates. As these increased in late 2011 and early 2012, the ATLAS and CMS experiments began to find evidence for a new particle at a mass-energy of about 125 GeV. Experiments on the Fermilab Tevatron also began to reveal evidence for a similar particle. On July 4, 2012, the two CERN experiments jointly announced discovery of a Higgs-like particle with this mass. Subsequent measurements showed that it behaved as expected for a spin-0 boson. Reasons are presented for the CERN success on the LHC and compared with the fatal US difficulties in building the SSC Laboratory.

Keywords:   Large Hadron Collider, international collaboration, CERN, project management, Lyndon Evans, ATLAS experiment, CMS experiment, Tevatron, Higgs boson discovery, spin-0 particle

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