This chapter presents the fourth book of Cicero's Tusculan Disputations and provides a self-sufficient treatise on the temperament and management of human feeling. The assertion concerning the experience of the wise person is expressed that “the wise person cannot be free of every emotion.” In this book more difficult arguments are provided that contrast emotions with the “well-reasoned” affective responses of the sage. The structure is so designed to illustrate a specific point about Stoic style with samples of different types of philosophic discourse. It gives an insight to the realization that every emotion is likewise a matter of belief. The book highlights the fact that when an emotion has become habitual, this habit is harder to banish than the emotion itself.
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