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Latin American Macroeconomic ReformsThe Second Stage$
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Jose Gonzalez, Vittorio Corbo, Anne O. Krueger, and Aaron Tornell

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780226302676

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226302683.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

The China Syndrome or the Tequila Crisis

The China Syndrome or the Tequila Crisis

(p.169) 4 The China Syndrome or the Tequila Crisis
Latin American Macroeconomic Reforms

Francisco Gil Díaz

University of Chicago Press

This chapter argues that central banks should take a narrow view of their mandate to lower inflation, making every effort to reduce links to the financial sector in order to avoid moral hazard in the financial system, and pursue a “corner” exchange rate policy: either a pure float or a fixed (through a currency board) exchange rate. The 1995 Mexican financial crisis is used as a case study from which these lessons can be learned. The chapter traces the origins of Mexico's crisis back to the 1982 nationalization of the Mexican banks and thereafter, when appropriate liberalization policies were undermined by both a defective privatization and the flawed decisions of the incoming Zedillo administration. In addition, dysfunctional institutional arrangements placed the responsibility both for conducting exchange rate policy and for providing lender-of-last-resort facilities on the Banco de México, which led many to see the bank's open purse as making its exchange rate policy pronouncements less than fully credible. A commentary is also included at the end of the chapter.

Keywords:   Mexican financial crisis, central banks, inflation, monetary policy, exchange rate policy, privatization, Mexican banks

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