The initial policies of the American military government often entailed complicated compromises and pragmatic solutions. The Americans succeeded in establishing a strong military government, exerting a monopoly of violence and information in the American zone and sector. American policy in occupied Germany did change during the 1945–1949 period. Visual propaganda was an important element of the denazification and reeducation processes. The Cold War brought about a new kind of American censorship. The case of the Ulenspiegel: Literatur, Kunst, und Satire reveals that Office of Military Government U.S. (OMGUS) abandoned basic democratic principles and procedures in its attempt to impose a single, pro-American viewpoint in Western Germany. American domestic politics played an important role in defining the tropes of American anticommunist propaganda. OMGUS succeeded in attracting West Germans to a democratic model of society. In Germany, the Holocaust continues to shape the choices and attitudes of the present.
Keywords: American military government, Germany, visual propaganda, Cold War, American censorship, Ulenspiegel, American domestic politics, American anticommunist propaganda, Office of Military Government U.S, Holocaust
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