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Corruption and ReformLessons from America's Economic History$
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Edward L. Glaeser and Claudia Goldin

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780226299570

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226299594.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 31 May 2020

The Rise of the Fourth Estate

The Rise of the Fourth Estate

How Newspapers Became Informative and Why It Mattered

Chapter:
(p.187) 6 The Rise of the Fourth Estate
Source:
Corruption and Reform
Author(s):
Matthew Gentzkow, Edward L. Glaeser, Claudia Goldin
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226299594.003.0007

This chapter investigates the history of how newspapers became informative in relation to the issue of corruption in the U.S. It discusses the evolution of media bias using three types of evidence and constructs a basic measure of bias: stated party affiliation. The analysis reveals that while stated political independence is no guarantee of independence, stated party affiliation is surely a guarantee of bias. The result also indicates that the rise of the informative press was the result of increased scale and competitiveness in the newspaper industry and that technological progress was the cause of these changes.

Keywords:   newspapers, corruption, U.S., media bias, stated party affiliation, political independence, informative press, technological progress

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