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The Great Paleolithic WarHow Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past$
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David J. Meltzer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226293226

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.001.0001

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Fast Forward, 1930–1941

Fast Forward, 1930–1941

(p.357) Chapter Nine Fast Forward, 1930–1941
The Great Paleolithic War

David J. Meltzer

University of Chicago Press

Folsom inspired dozens of investigators to search for other early sites, and a tangible lesson: to find sites like search for large mammal bones, then look for associated artifacts. Of the nearly three dozen sites found over the next decade, the most important was at Clovis, New Mexico, where Edgar Howard found points with mammoth bones, in work that set a research standard. Once attention no longer needed to focus on when it shifted to issue of how and why. Questions regarding the timing of the Pleistocene and vertebrate extinctions were tackled by Ernst Antevs and Alfred Romer. Others considered where the first Americans came from and by what route(s), exploring the possibility of a land bridge from Siberia to Alaska, and an ice free corridor between Alaska and North America south of the ice sheets. Ostensibly Pleistocene human skeletal remains appeared, such as Minnesota Man, and these Hrdlička sought to refute, though this time against a formidable adversary in Ernst Hooton. By 1941, there were answers to questions about the origin, antiquity and adaptations of early peoples that could not have been asked a dozen years earlier, and those answers established the foundation for understanding North American Paleoindians.

Keywords:   Edgar Howard, Clovis site, Ernst Antevs, Alfred Romer, Pleistocene extinctions, Bering land bridge, Ice free corridor, Minnesota Man, Ernst Hooton, Paleoindian

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