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Making the MissionPlanning and Ethnicity in San Francisco$
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Ocean Howell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226141398

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226290287.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Economic Equality, Racial Erasure

Economic Equality, Racial Erasure

The Spatial and Cultural Interventions of Federal Public Works Agencies

(p.132) Six Economic Equality, Racial Erasure
Making the Mission

Ocean Howell

University of Chicago Press

As the Mission District suffered through the Great Depression, a number of New Deal agencies intervened to invest in infrastructure. The Mission hosted major projects from the Works Progress Administration (WPA), Public Works Administration (PWA), and United States Housing Authority (USHA), including the Valencia Gardens public housing project, designed by William Wurster. These agencies did much to revitalize the physical fabric of the Mission, while simultaneously concentrating planning power in the municipality and diminishing the role of neighborhood-based groups. The pattern is particularly clear when one considers the projects of the USHA, working in partnership with the San Francisco Housing Authority. Groups like the Mission Merchants loudly opposed public housing, fearing the projects would make the neighborhood into a slum. To assuage the locals, the housing authorities agreed to maintain racially segregated projects, but pushed forward in spite of the protests.

Keywords:   Works Progress Administration, Public Works Administration, United States Housing Authority, New Deal, San Francisco Housing Authority, public housing, William Wurster, Valencia Gardens, segregation, nativism

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