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Making the MissionPlanning and Ethnicity in San Francisco$
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Ocean Howell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226141398

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226290287.001.0001

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A “Salvable Neighborhood”

A “Salvable Neighborhood”

Urban Renewal, Model Cities, and the Rise of a Social Planning Regime

(p.231) Ten A “Salvable Neighborhood”
Making the Mission

Ocean Howell

University of Chicago Press

By the 1960s the urban renewal program was well underway, and it was largely controlled by the downtown planning regime. The San Francisco Redevelopment Agency (SFRA) had cleared over 1,280 acres in the Fillmore (or Western Addition) neighborhood, displacing more than 13,500 people, mostly African Americans. As the built environment of the Mission District deteriorated, local institutions began to worry that the SFRA might be planning something similar for their neighborhood. They also worried that the coming BART stations might trigger speculative displacement. In response, a social service agency called the Mission Neighborhood Centers (MNC) produced a study of the Mission in 1960. The document identified problems with a deteriorating environment and inadequate services, but also identified strengths in the neighborhood's multiethnic character and longstanding institutions.

Keywords:   urban renewal, San Francisco Redevelopment Agency, model cities, great society, multiethnicity, neighborhood-based planning, municipal government

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