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Localization and Its DiscontentsA Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines$
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Katja Guenther

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226288208

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226288345.001.0001

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Between Hospital and Psychoanalytic Setting

Between Hospital and Psychoanalytic Setting

Paul Schilder and American Psychiatry, or How to Do Psychoanalysis without the Unconscious

(p.126) Chapter Five Between Hospital and Psychoanalytic Setting
Localization and Its Discontents

Katja Guenther

University of Chicago Press

Chapter five looks into what became of Freudian psychoanalysis when the connective principles upon which it was based were discarded, by following the career of the psychoanalyst Paul Schilder. Schilder, who emigrated from Austria to the US in 1928, styled himself as a psychoanalyst, but remained far from the Freudian orthodoxy. While Wernicke and the early Freud emphasized the functioning of the whole reflex arc, in particular the set of associations connecting sensory to motor arcs, Schilder in his neurological tests treated the two separately. An important effect of this modification of reflex testing is that Schilder had to rely on the patient's report for an account of her sensory experience. The reliance on this report in his clinical practice, this chapter argues, encouraged Schilder's embrace of a self-transparent subject in his psychoanalytic theory, as seen in his rejection of the Freudian unconscious. Further, the debates over Schilder's ideas in the US, resulting ultimately in his expulsion from the New York Psychoanalytic Society, shed light on deep conflicts within American psychoanalysis.

Keywords:   Paul Schilder, New York Psychoanalytic Society, self-transparent subject, body image, neurological examination, psychoanalysis, emigration

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