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Back To the BreastNatural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America$
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Jessica Martucci

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226288031

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226288178.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 25 June 2022

Make Room for Mother

Make Room for Mother

The “Psy”-entific Ideology of Natural Motherhood

(p.27) Chapter One Make Room for Mother
Back To the Breast

Jessica L. Martucci

University of Chicago Press

The first chapter recounts the evolution of scientific ideas about motherhood and breastfeeding in the early 20th century, and explores the scientific and cultural emergence of natural motherhood between the 1920s and 1960s. Through an analysis of published work in the ‘psy’-ences (those disciplines dedicated to understanding the emotional and psychological aspects of human and animal life), as well as personal writings by key figures in maternal-infant study, including John Bowlby, Harry Harlow, Margaret Mead and Niles Newton, this chapter illustrates the scientific roots of the ideology of natural motherhood. In conjunction with the science of natural motherhood was the growth of a popular movement towards natural breastfeeding and childbirth.

Keywords:   John Bowlby, Harry Harlow, Margaret Mead, Niles Newton, psy-ences, attachment

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