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Back To the Breast – Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America - Chicago Scholarship Online
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Back To the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

Jessica Martucci


Breastfeeding rates in America fell throughout the 1950s and 1960s before beginning to climb again in the 1970s. This work argues that the development of an ideology of natural motherhood preceded breastfeeding's return. Rooted in psychology and animal studies in the 1930s, the ideology of natural motherhood moved beyond the confines of scientific study as a handful of mothers sought out the experiences of “natural” childbirths and breastfeeding in the 1940s. By the 1950s, a back to the breast movement was firmly established within segments of the white, middle-class, and often college educate ... More

Keywords: breastfeeding, motherhood, natural, history, infant feeding, breast pump, toxins, feminism, maternalism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780226288031
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226288178.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jessica Martucci, author