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Windows Into the SoulSurveillance and Society in an Age of High Technology$
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Gary T. Marx

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226285887

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226286075.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 14 October 2019

Windows into Hearts and Souls: Clear, Tinted, or Opaque Today?

Windows into Hearts and Souls: Clear, Tinted, or Opaque Today?

Chapter:
(p.290) 14 Windows into Hearts and Souls: Clear, Tinted, or Opaque Today?
Source:
Windows Into the Soul
Author(s):

Gary T. Marx

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226286075.003.0015

This chapter examines enduring questions such as “where is society headed” with respect to the new surveillance and the issues raised by Huxley, Orwell and Foucault. Trends supporting and countering the Hux-Orw-Fouc panoptic (and related dystopic or utopic) view of surveillance are are inherent value conflicts that work against simple moral and policy conclusions. The idea of the perhapsicon incorporates the contradictory trends. Four questions and related concepts (surveillance slack, ratio, achieved privacy ratio, reciprocity-equity ratio, personal information penetration ratio) are discussed. The book concludes calling for appreciation of the complexity of the topic and suggests a series of “meta-method moral mandates” for studying surveillance. Can we grant that in complex settings, rules are often unclear or in conflict; that means and ends are imperfectly integrated; that obtaining one goal may mean sacrificing another; that societies are awash in moral dilemmas and tradeoffs; that desirable as well as dastardly deeds can occur under cover of darkness; that those in positions of authority sometimes do the wrong thing in order to do the right thing, and that reluctantly, while Dr. Faustus may sometimes be granted a place at (or under) the table, he may be invited reluctantly and only with oversight?

Keywords:   metamethod moral mandates, perhapsicon, doublethink, Aldous Huxley, George Orwell, Michel Foucault, surveillance slack ratio, archieved privacy ratio, reciprocity equity ratio, personal information penetration ratio

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