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Reading Clocks, Alla TurcaTime and Society in the Late Ottoman Empire$
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Avner Wishnitzer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226257723

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226257860.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

On Time for School

On Time for School

(p.93) 4 On Time for School
Reading Clocks, Alla Turca

Avner Wishnitzer

University of Chicago Press

Chapter Four analyzes the late Ottoman education system and argues the creation of elaborate temporal constructs based on standardized time blocks allowed for increased levels of surveillance of students and staff, and facilitated a more efficient pedagogic process. The same temporal construct served as an implicit curriculum, imbuing the students with the novel practices and norms of modern time consciousness. Similar messages were transmitted to the students in class. Analyzing textbooks used in different courses, the chapter further argues that the late Ottoman education system attached moral value to regularity, punctuality and efficiency and harnessed such traits to the ideological wagons of both the Hamidian and the Young Turk regimes. While punctuality and time thrift were taught to both boys and girls, boundaries between male and female, between domestic and public were hardly blurred. If teaching time was designed to buttress the political order, it was equally intended to bolster the gendered social order.

Keywords:   time, Ottoman, gender, clocks, education, school, Young Turks, textbooks

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