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Sartre, Foucault, and Historical ReasonA Poststructuralist Mapping of History$
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Thomas R. Flynn

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780226254708

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226254722.001.0001

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Experience and the Lived

Experience and the Lived

(p.208) Chapter Nine Experience and the Lived
Sartre, Foucault, and Historical Reason
University of Chicago Press

In contrasting Sartre ‘s category of “the lived” with Foucauldian experience as it emerges from the matrix of the three axes, this chapter argues that “experience” has been a major concept in the Foucauldian repertory from his early The History of Madness to the two volumes of the History of Sexuality published just before his death. The axial reading of his corpus confirms that Foucault is a philosopher of experience. The axial reading of Foucault's spacialized reasoning has opened an area that lay hidden from most readers of his explicitly archaeological and genealogical work. After noting briefly the ambiguity of the term in philosophical discourse, the chapter focuses on the prominence of “experience” in The History of Madness, recall its role in the last two major works published in Foucault's lifetime, and point out several uses of the term in the intervening years.

Keywords:   Sartre, Foucault, spatialized reasoning, history

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